Text Box: Reviewed 7 July 2007   
Requests for clarifications to eugenesittampalam (at) gmail.com – most welcome!
Text Box: In our century it was Albert Einstein who most explicitly pursued the goal of a final theory... The last thirty years of Einstein’s life were largely devoted to a search for a so-called unified field theory that would unify James Clerk Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism with the general theory of relativity, Einstein’s theory of gravitation. Einstein’s attempt was not successful, and with hindsight we can now see that it was misconceived. Not only did Einstein reject quantum mechanics; the scope of his effort was too narrow. Electromagnetism and gravitation happen to be the only fundamental forces that are evident in everyday life (and the only forces that were known when Einstein was a young man), but there are other kinds of force in nature... Nevertheless Einstein’s struggle is our struggle today. It is the search for a final theory.
Steven Weinberg (Nobel Laureate 1979), Dreams of a Final Theory, Vintage, UK, 1993; p 13
Text Box: Then [Fermi] delivered his verdict in a quiet, even voice. "There are two ways of doing calculations in theoretical physics", he said. "One way, and this is the way I prefer, is to have a clear physical picture of the process that you are calculating. ..."
A meeting with Enrico Fermi, Freeman Dyson (Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton), Nature 427, 297 (2004)
Text Box: The ultracold neutrons can be stored in "neutron bottles,"… Populations of about 100 [such slow-moving] neutrons have been retained in such vessels, but the storage times are considerably shorter than the half-life of the neutrons against their natural radioactive decay, and the nature of the extra loss mechanisms is not yet fully understood.
McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Physics, Second Edition, USA (1993); p 826
Text Box: Nuclear Decay 
The fundamental cause for decay of a nuclear particle is the vibrational extension of any part of its surface to beyond a critical amplitude (where classical matter would simply evaporate off into the classical void as speed-c mass-energy; see Mass-Energy).
Consider the typical decay-prone particle, the neutron. 
Within the atomic nucleus, the neutron remains generally well squeezed and this vibrational limit well met; 
and the neutron is infinitely stable. 
The single neutron emerging into free space, too, remains just as stable as long as its speed is maintained above a critical value. 
This is due to the simple fact that motion causes contraction of body (in all directions); and the contraction keeps the vibrational amplitudes, too, in check.
Low speed relaxes the squeeze on the particle but only to sound its death knell. (Please see book section 6.03 for the full text.)

The Pi-Meson
Physics today finds the Newtonian concept of absolute space and absolute time well represented by the radiation field of the CMB.
Keep the mesons in their high motions of origin in this absolute space, and they'll die not in absolute time. 
So, naturally, decay-prone particles coming through the sky at high speeds survive longer than sluggish ones do in the lab.
 Space contraction and time dilation were only convenient contrivances of a century ago when observational science was medieval compared to the overwhelming and highly refined empirical data coming to us today from every field of physics. 
(Please also see book sections 4.11 The Pi-Meson; 7.16 The Quark; and 7.17 The Higgs Boson.)
          Go to Part 2 of 2
A Synopsis The Cosmos The Spin
ADDENDA The Cosmological Redshift The Neutrino
Two-Slit Tests The Galaxy Nuclear Reactions
NASA Tests Gravity The Sun
KamLAND Test Anti-Gravity The Pulsar
UCLA Test Relativity Superconductivity
Q and A Mass-Energy Fusion Energy
 Eugene Sittampalam
 7 July 2007