Text Box: Reviewed 9 July 2008   
Requests for clarifications to eugenesittampalam (at) gmail.com – most welcome!
Text Box: In the final perspective on the nature of things, nucleons and electrons are the condensed state of matter, or mass-energy;
and photons and neutrinos, the evaporated form.
And all of quantum mechanics becomes classical mechanics.
(Please see A Synopsis; link below, or book chapter 6 for the full text.)
Text Box: Strange as it may seem, atomic nuclei do sometimes act like liquids, and when blasted apart at high enough energies they can sizzle into gas. Now scientists working at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, have charted the conditions under which gold nuclei make that leap, information that might help unravel the secrets behind the birth of a neutron star. ...
"Everyday garden-variety nuclei behave like a liquid," says Victor Viola, a physicist at Indiana University, Bloomington. "It's a very successful description." ...
Even though wrinkles need to be ironed out, the results have given physicists a new tool for understanding the "evaporation" of nuclei. They might also shed light on the reverse process, the condensation of nuclei from smaller parts. ...
Atom Smasher Probes Realm of Nuclear 'Gas', Charles Seife, Science 295, 603-604 (25 Jan 2002)
Text Box: The Proton-Neutron Fusion
This union may be followed with the foregoing figures and book section 6.10. 
Please request for any clarifications.
Text Box: The Liquid-Drop Model
In reality, the nucleon is only spherical when in isolation in an isotropic environment.
In union with one or more other nucleons, it becomes crushed and squeezed by the asymmetry of the ambient field (as under motion). The squeezed nucleon, like the orange, would be less in mass-energy content. The loss, which has indeed evaporated off into the vacuum field, is presently termed the binding energy. The nucleon, should it become "unsqueezed," as when it escapes from the atomic nucleus, would get back its "binding energy" by net inhalation over its breathing cycles in the less restrictive ambient.

The Heavy Nucleus
In the atomic nucleus, in general, nucleons are indistinguishable as protons and neutrons. 
The proton, for instance, is only indirectly identified as the surface nucleon not associated with a contiguous and countervailing equatorial surface quantum
A Synopsis The Cosmos The Spin
ADDENDA The Cosmological Redshift The Neutrino
Two-Slit Tests The Galaxy Nuclear Reactions
NASA Tests Gravity The Sun
KamLAND Test Anti-Gravity The Pulsar
UCLA Test Relativity Superconductivity
Q and A Mass-Energy Fusion Energy
 Eugene Sittampalam
 9 July 2008