The Antineutrino Debut



Eugene Sittampalam




Date: Monday 8 August 2005

Subject: The Antineutrino Debut


Geoneutrinos make their debut

The KamLAND experiment in Japan has detected neutrinos produced by radioactive decays deep inside the Earth for the first time. The experiment, which is located in a mine 1000 metres below ground, has detected electron antineutrinos from the beta-decay of uranium-238 and thorium-232, and placed an upper limit on the heat generated by these processes. If the accuracy of the measurements can be improved it may be possible to use "geoneutrinos" to probe the Earth's interior (Nature 436 499).

Physics Web, Institute of Physics, 27 July 2005


Antineutrinos created inside our planet reveal how it stays warm.


Professor Giorgio Gratta

The KamLAND Collaboration

Department of Physics

Stanford University


Dear Professor Gratta,

Elated, but not surprised, at the electron antineutrino discovery as reported in Nature 436, 499-503. Quoting you from a covering news item, "It's a revolution." Indeed, the upheaval is going to be across the entire spectrum of cosmology and unmatched in history!


You were the highest-ranking academic in the KamLAND Collaboration to kindly correspond with me on the subject, back in February 2003 (considering me less of a crank!); hence this further letter of appeal to you and the Collaboration for continued tests here. Please click LIGO (01/05), Earth Central (06/04), KamLAND Test (02/03), and UCLA Test (09/00) for earlier letters and test details.


Whether or not those letters had an influence in turning probes around to focus, for the very first time, on the Earth's core is of little import now. What really matters next, while the iron is hot and the focus is on, is for the Collaboration worldwide to kindly check out more on the core issues highlighted and explained in the above letters. They may be summarized as follows.


1.            Nuclear decay will have a peak at the core-mantle boundary. Reason: Earth's radioactive matter resides mainly in the fluid outer core. Lower pressures being more conducive to fission and neutron decay, the outermost layers of the core, that is, at the region of its interface with the solid mantle, become the natural venue (helped by 2, next) to give up the ghost! In fact, the periodic peak outbursts and the region remaining highly fluid promote each other.


2.            Decay number will peak closer to the equator. Reason: Due to Earth's rotation, the heavy nuclei in the fluid core tend to concentrate more along the outer equator under the centrifugal action (in the Sun, this results also in coronal mass ejections following fission; the liftoff points being seen as the sunspots); consequently:

(a)    Beta-decay (where the electron and electron antineutrino are released from the radioactive nucleus, that is, without a change in mass number of the parent nucleus) will show a peak along the equator.

(b)   Decay of free neutrons (released copiously in the fissure of heavy nuclei), too, will show a similar number rise at the equator.


3.            During a major earthquake, a highly localized peak will occur generally below the epicenter. (Data of 26 December 2004, if any, should show an abnormal spike under South Asia that triggered a tsunami.) Reason: A major surface disturbance is invariably deep-seated and originates from a localized peak core outburst. (An extreme flare up would follow resonance of the solid inner core; the effect outside would engulf the entire planet, over a long period, causing also mass extinctions; the phenomenon being the same as the stellar nova in principle.)


4.            Most of all, California and Japan could benefit immensely by having electron-antineutrino detectors focused permanently on the Earth's core. Such monitors would out-perform all our present ones for deep-seated earthquakes and revolutionize the field of seismology.


5.            Contrary to popular belief, the neutrino (or antineutrino) affects every single atom (and molecule) in its path, though ever so subtly. However, on large bodies of matter such as tectonic plates (resting, and capable of movement, on the partially molten asthenosphere), the collective effect in time can become devastatingly patent. Thus, geo-antineutrinos are the (hitherto mysterious) prime movers of tectonic plates. The longtime stability of the Moon, under eons of perturbations, is the saving positive effect.


6.            The backpressure from the outbursts compacts the solid inner core. The action also causes the solid core to increase its spin in relation to the (co-rotating) mantle, which outer body loses spin but ever so slightly due to its much larger moment of inertia.


7.            Finally, the Sun, too, will show a prominence of antineutrinos in the solar wind emanating from the corona. Hope, this solar focus, too, could be included early in your program schedule.


Any questions on this, the final perspective on the nature of things, would be most welcome.

Thank you and best wishes to you and the Collaboration at the greatest frontier of modern times.


Eugene Sittampalam


PS: The planet's core-mantle region corresponds to the solar corona, the stellar corona, the star cluster corona, the galactic corona, and so on. The unrelenting radiation, or wind essentially of protons, electrons, and electron antineutrinos would naturally peak during periods or epochs of increased nuclear activity, when detection would be possible even in distant bodies. It's very reassuring to note that the discovery of this fractal phenomenon at the galactic scale was recently made and reported also in Nature; see The Galactic Superwind.


End of Letter



The above antineutrino findings may be shaking the mainstream to the core, with increasing interest for review of current theories. The Nature editors, too, may be feeling the pulse, with a sense of obligation and urgency to further an unbiased rethink. Hopefully, it is the reason for their benevolent comeback in the form below (which I happened to see after the above letter was sent to Professor Gratta and Nature).


Last week's Nature included a landmark article:

Experimental investigation of geologically produced antineutrinos with KamLAND.
Access it FREE:



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